Grandparent caregivers relievers of the foster care systemJul 26th, 2011 | By Adolfo Flores | Category: Censo 2010 / US CENSUS 2010 Tweet
Por ADOLFO FLORES
EL NUEVO SOL
SAN GABRIEL – An accident landed seven of Rosie Cardenas’ grandchildren on her doorstep and she hasn’t looked back since.
Along with her husband, Jerry, Cardenas raised them when their single mother was seriously injured in a car accident and they determined she was unable to care for them. They officially adopted six of them, except for the oldest.
“I never thought I’d be raising kids again, everyone said are you sure you want to raise kids again?” Cardenas said. “I prayed on it. The lord sacrificed for us why can’t I sacrifice for them, I couldn’t leave these kids.”
Cardenas said she was concerned the children would end up in the foster care system had she not taken them in.
“If I didn’t take them in the court would’ve had to find people to foster them,”
Cardenas said. “Why? When grandma and grandpa can take the kids right away.”
Child services and researchers said extended family usually takes over the role of raising children when a parent is unable to. Many times it’s grandparents.
Data from the U.S. Census Bureau, in 2008 there were 6.4 million grandparents living in households with grandchildren under age 18, and 2.6 million of them had primary responsibility for parenting their grandchildren.
“Every child deserves a caring family, it’s important to keep family connections,” said
Neil Zanville, spokesman for the Los Angeles County Department of Children and
“When it’s safe, that’s the paradox here. When it’s necessary we have to remove
children and frequently it’s the grandparents who contact the agency to report that
parents aren’t doing an adequate job of raising their grandchildren.”
In fact it was Cardenas who decided to take the children away from their mother, who was on drugs at the time of the accident.
The department, Zanville said, serves about 35,000 children and 7,600 are with
relatives or non-relative extended family members.
The numbers would be larger if it wasn’t for grandparents taking over the role
of raising their children’s children, said Madelyn Gordon, executive director of
Grandparents as Parents.
In the county there are about 500,000 children being raised by relatives, Gordon
said, but only 17,000 are part of the child welfare system according to numbers compiled by the organization.
“Caring for these kids, prevents them from going into the foster care system.,”
Gordon said. “They’re unsung heroes.”
The Canoga Park-based organization was founded in 1987 with the mission of
helping relative caregivers in Los Angeles County. They describe themselves
as a “one-stop shop” offering free community-based programs and services to caregivers, 90 percent of them being grandparents.
“Just think of the financial impact that has on the foster care system,” Gordon
said. “At the same time a lot of these kids have got emotional and physical problems,
and there are few resources.”
Gordon said a lot of these grandparent caregivers live right above the poverty level
and on the fringe. Census figures show that half of grandparents who are primary caregivers live below the poverty line.
In addition to concerns about household income many worry about what will become of the kids if they die.
“That is an area we work hard in, we tell them ‘look realistically who can you have
that will look after the children if you become ill?,” Gordon said. “We had three kids
whose grandmother died, and none of the kids went into foster care. Other family
members took them into their homes.”
Families play a pivotal role in keeping children out of the family care system,
said Michael Gray, division chief for kinship services at the Los Angeles County
Department of Children and Family Services.
“It’s important to have a supportive structure,” Gray said. “The way people see it the
child welfare system and the department of child welfare services is responsible for
keeping families stable and caregivers uplifted. But a majority of all that rests in the
Church’s, school’s and community agency’s all play a role in raising children, Gray said.
People are also distrustful of the welfare system.
“From their perspective all we try to do is simply take children from families and that’s
not true,” Gray said. “We don’t want to erroneously break up a family. My program’s focus
is really to empower families.”
The kinship support program is supported by the State Department of Social Services,
which provides seed money for them to build and expand assistance to families and keep
kids from entering the child welfare system, Gray said.
Jeremy Cardenas, 25, knows he could’ve easily ended up in the foster care system. His favorite memory of growing up with his grandparents were the holidays, especially Christmas.
The Christmas before their mother’s car accident in 1997 they didn’t have any gifts at their Arcadia home,
“So me, my brothers and sisters rolled up toys we already had with newspapers,”
he said. “But when we had Christmas with our grandparents we were spoiled … it’s also the little things like a home cooked meal each and every night.”
While he admits the transition was hard, new school, new home, new friends. His siblings are better off for it.
“My mom’s decision making wasn’t always the greatest, it’s kind of hard to bring up that part of my life,” Jeremy said. “It’s a lesson that you learn and carry on for the rest of your life for the better.”
Jeremy is currently baseball coach at San Marino High School, in addition to attending
Pasadena City College were he hopes to transfer out to study liberal arts at a
He doesn’t have a relationship with his father other than the “brief appearances” he
made when he was younger.
“When I think of a father I think of my grandfather right away,” Jeremy said. “He
taught me how to work and how to be a man and my grandmother taught me about
love and dedication to myself. She filled the role a mother should’ve.”
This is the third article in a series by Adolfo Flores a staff writer at the Pasadena News Star. He wrote this article under a MetLife Foundation Journalists Fellowship in conjunction with New America Media (NAM) and the Gerontological Society of America. A Spanish-language version of this story will appear in El Nuevo Sol, as well as NAM.